Drivers of older vehicles in particular are increasingly likely to face extra charges for driving in the capital.
- There’s been a Low Emission Zone covering most of Greater London affecting mainly commercial vehicles since 2008.
- An Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) affecting all vehicle types apart from black taxis and covering the existing Congestion Charge area has been operating since 8 April 2019.
Low Emission Zone
- Runs 24/7.
- Number-plate recognition tracks entry.
- It began in 2008 for large, commercially operated diesel vehicles like buses, lorries and coaches.
- £100 for vans or specialist diesel vehicles (over 1.205 tonnes unladen weight up to 3.5 tonnes gross vehicle weight) or minibuses (up to 5 tonnes) which do not meet Euro 3 standards.
- £100 for HGVs, lorries, vans and specialist heavy vehicles over 3.5 tonnes as well as buses/minibuses and coaches over 5 tonnes which do not meet Euro 4 (NOx and PM) standards, but meet Euro 4 (PM).
- £300 for HGVs, lorries, vans and specialist heavy vehicles over 3.5 tonnes as well as buses/minibuses and coaches over 5 tonnes which do not meet Euro 4 (PM) standards.
Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ)
The ULEZ started on Monday 8 April 2019 and, as of 25 October 2021, covers the areas within (but not including) London's North and South Circular roads. It affects lots more vehicles than the LEZ, including all cars and motorcycles.
- Runs 24/7 and the daily charge will be £12.50 per car, moped or motorbike
- This charge is on top of the LEZ and the Congestion Charge but it will replace the T-Charge.
- HGVs, buses and coaches must meet the ‘Euro VI’ standard (effective from 2014) or pay a £100 daily charge
This means that the oldest car you can drive in the ULEZ without paying is a 4 or 5-year-old diesel or a 13 or 14-year-old petrol.
The ULEZ will be enlarged in 2021 to take in the whole of the area bounded by the North and South Circular roads.
1 July 2019