Your car insurance – we try to make buying a policy as clear and straightforward as possible for you.
But sometimes it's easy to confuse IPT with TPFT, or the FCA with the ABI.
To help you make sense of the jargon that's often used to describe car insurance, here is our guide to motor insurance terminology.
The ABI is the industry association for British insurance companies. Many insurance companies are members, but membership is not compulsory and the ABI is not a regulatory body.
ABI members sit on the Group Rating Panel, which recommends car insurance group ratings for each new car built to a UK specification. You can search the ABI Group Rating database to find the recommended insurance group for a car you're interested in.
A garage recommended by your insurance company for car repairs covered by your insurance policy.
The highest level of car insurance cover, which usually covers you for:
Please note that policy features will vary between insurers, so always check them before you buy.
Many insurers don't offer this as a standard policy feature, so make sure you're covered before getting behind the wheel of someone else's car. It's also worth noting that when it is included, you usually only get third party only cover.
An accident or loss where you are considered to be to blame, or where you or your insurance company cannot recover costs from somebody else.
Remember, if your car is hit while parked, by someone who cannot be traced, this counts as a fault claim.
With a non-fault claim your insurer is able to recover the cost of the claim from someone else.
The UK's financial watchdog, the FCA regulates the financial services industry, including insurance companies. The FCA can advise you on making a complaint against an insurance company.
As an insurance policy holder you are placed in the same financial position following a loss as you were before it. For example, if your insurance company pays to repair your car following an accident, you are in the same financial position as you were before the car was damaged.
A tax on general insurance premiums, including premiums for car insurance. The tax is included in the price of your car insurance premium.
The total amount the insurance company will pay out for your car if it's damaged beyond repair. This will either be the amount you stated the vehicle was worth when taking out the policy, or the current market value at the time of the claim – whichever is lower.
Any information that may influence either an insurer's decision to offer you cover or the premium they charge for it. If you leave out information which may influence a decision to offer cover, your policy may be invalidated.
For each year you drive without making a claim on your insurance you get a year's no-claims bonus, subject to a maximum. This bonus reduces the cost of your car insurance premium for the following year. Also described as a no-claims discount (NCD).
What your insurer pays out for a claim.
The Motor Insurance Repair Research Centre, or Thatcham, carries out research for the motor insurance industry on the cost of car repairs and vehicle security. Thatcham research data is used as the basis for the Group Rating Panel's car insurance group recommendations.
Third party cover is the minimum level of car insurance cover required by law and contains no cover for damage to your vehicle. It usually covers your legal liability for:
Third party fire and theft cover provides the same level of cover as third party cover, but protects you against damage to your vehicle from fire, or theft of the vehicle, as long as you're not at fault.
Any losses not covered by your insurance policy, such as your policy excess, any out-of-pocket expenses following an accident, eg a loss of earnings, or compensation for an injury suffered in an accident.
The assistance in recovering your uninsured losses from a third party, where an accident is the third party's fault.
An underwriter decides whether to accept you as an insurance risk and then calculates your car insurance premium.
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