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Hardcastle Crags & Crimsworth Dean

A pair of beautiful wooded valleys, linked by a high level path.

Distance 5 miles (8km)

Minimum time 2hrs 30min

Ascent/gradient 787ft (240m)

Level of difficulty Medium

Paths Good paths and tracks, plus open pasture, no stiles

Landscape Woodland, fields and moorland fringe

Suggested map aqua3 OS Outdoor Leisure 21 South Pennines

Start/finish SD 988291

Dog friendliness Plenty of opportunities for dogs to be off lead

Parking National Trust pay-and-display car parks at Midgehole, near Hebden Bridge (accessible via A6033, Keighley Road)

Public toilets Near car park


© AA Media Limited 2015. © Crown Copyright Licence number 100021153

1 Walk up the drive, passing the lodge, and into the woods. Take the first path to the left, which descends to Hebden Water. Follow a good riverside path through delectable woodland, passing Hebden Hey - a popular picnic site, with stepping stones - to reach Gibson Mill. The buildings, and mill dam behind, are worth investigating.

2 For this longer walk you join the track uphill, to the right of Gibson Mill, soon passing the crags that give the woods their name.
Keep on the main track, ignoring side-paths, to leave woodland and meet a metalled road. Keep left here, still uphill, across a beck and approach Walshaw, a knot of houses enjoying terrific views.

3 Just before you reach the houses - when you are opposite some barns - bear sharp right through a gate onto an enclosed track (signed to Crimsworth Dean). You are soon on a grassy track across pasture, descending to a beck and through a gate. Walk uphill, soon bearing to the right as you follow a wall around the shoulder of Shackleton Hill. Go through a gate in the wall on your left, and continue as the path bears right, still following the wall, but now it's on your right. Here you have level walking and great views. Take a gate in a wall on the right, just above Coppy Farm, to join a walled track downhill into the valley of Crimsworth Dean. You meet a more substantial track by another ruin of a farm. This track is the old road from Hebden Bridge to Haworth: a great walk to contemplate for another day.

4 Bear right, along this elevated track, passing a farm on the left. Look out, by a farm access track to the right, for Abel Cross: not one but a pair of old waymarker stones. Continue down the main track, into National Trust woodland, keeping left, after a field, when the track forks. Beyond a pair of cottages the track is metalled; you soon arrive back at the car parks at Midgehole.

Hebden Bridge, just 4 miles (6.4km) from the Yorkshire/Lancashire border, has been a popular place to visit ever since the railway was extended across the Pennines, through the Calder Valley. But those train passengers weren't coming for a day out in a grimy little mill town; the big attraction was the wooded valley of Hebden Dale - usually called 'Hardcastle Crags' - just a short charabanc ride away. 'Hebden Bridge for Hardcastle Crags' was the stationmaster's cry, as trains approached the station. Here were shady woods, easy riverside walks and places to spread out a picnic blanket. To people who lived in the terraced streets of Bradford, Leeds or Halifax, Hardcastle Crags must have seemed idyllic. The steep-sided valley reminded Swiss visitors of their own country, and became 'Little Switzerland' - at least to the writers of tourist brochures. The only disappointment, in fact, was the crags themselves: unassuming gritstone outcrops, almost hidden by trees.

The Industrial Revolution created a huge demand for water: for mills, factories and domestic use. To quench the thirst of the rapidly expanding textile towns, many steep-sided valleys, known in the South Pennines as cloughs, were dammed to create reservoirs. Six of these lie within easy walking distance of Hardcastle Crags. They represented huge feats of civil engineering by the hundreds of navvies who built them, around the end of the 19th century, with picks and shovels. The men were housed in a shanty town, known as Dawson City and both men and materials were transported to the work-sites by a convoluted steam-powered railway system that crossed the valley on an elaborate wooden viaduct.

Hardcastle Crags escaped the indignity of being turned into a reservoir, but it was touch and go. Three times during the last 50 years (the last time was in 1970) plans were drawn up to flood the valley. And three times, thankfully, wiser counsels prevailed and the plans were turned down. Lord Savile, a major landowner in the area, once owned the valley. It was he who supplemented the natural woodland with plantings of new trees - particularly pines, and laid out the walks and the carriage drive. In 1948 Lord Savile donated Hardcastle Crags, and the nearby valley of Crimsworth Dean, to the National Trust. Because of this bequeathment, the future of this delightful valley looks secure and local people will continue to enjoy this valuable amenity.

Hardcastle Crags are a haven for wildlife. Bird watchers can look out for pied flycatchers, woodpeckers, jays, sparrowhawks and the ubiquitous dipper - which never strays from the environs of Hebden Water. In spring there are displays of bluebells; in summer the woods are filled with bird-song; the beech woods are a riot of colour as the leaves turn each autumn.

While you're there

Walk the old road from Hebden Bridge to Haworth (it's marked as such on the OS map) that includes the section of track through wooded Crimsworth Dean. The old road is never hard to find, and offers easy walking with terrific views all the way. Have lunch in Haworth, and take the easy way back to Hebden Bridge - by bus.

Where to eat and drink

The Packhorse Inn can be found on the unclassified road between Colden and Brierfield, just beyond the wooded valley of Hardcastle Crags. The Packhorse is one of many solitary, exposed pubs to be found in Pennine Yorkshire, which existed to cater for the drovers and packhorse men. There's a warm welcome for walkers, and hearty meals. In winter, though, the pub only opens at lunchtimes at the weekend.

What to look for

Hebden Water rushes attractively through the wooded valley of Hardcastle Crags. These upland rivers and streams are the perfect habitat for an attractive little bird called the dipper. Dark brown, with a blaze of white on the breast, the dipper never strays from water. Unique among British birds, it has perfected the trick of walking underwater.


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