Motorcycling hints and tips

Advice from AA motorcycle patrol Stewart Topp

The AA has 50 patrols on motorbikes in six major cities who use their bikes in all but the worst conditions

The AA has 50 patrols on motorbikes in six major cities who use their bikes in all but the worst conditions

With the winter firmly behind us, most motorcyclists are longing for those warm summer days, but firstly it's important to fully inspect your bike after the long winter storage. Here is a list of a few items to check before planning a trip.


It's likely that the petrol in your tank has been sitting for many months so you are better off draining the tank, fuel lines, and carburetor (if applicable) before running the engine.

Checking the Engine Oil

Always refer to the Manufacturers handbook for your machine before checking your oil. Here is a basic guide.

  1. The bike should be on a flat level surface.
  2. The oil should not be inspected cold, so after this initial check it’s best done when you stop for fuel.
  3. Do not allow foreign matter and dirt to fall into the sump during the inspection process.
  4. Unscrew the threaded dipstick on the side of the crank case, and a clear high / low markings should be visible on the dipstick. Remember do not screw the dipstick in when taking a reading.
  5. For bikes with a sight glass rather than a dipstick you are okay if oil is visible, there are not always 'high' or 'low' markings on the glass.


Batteries are the second most common cause for motorcycle breakdowns. Unfortunately they are awkward to get to and therefore do not get checked as often as they should be.

Make sure your battery is fully charged and don't ride the bike until you're confident it will hold a charge. Motorcycle batteries tend to lose life quickly, especially in cold weather. If you kept your battery trickle charged or hooked up to a maintenance charger, it's probably in good shape. But check the leads and terminals for corrosion, and make sure they're tight. If your battery isn’t a sealed one, make sure it’s topped up.


visual inspection of your tyres before every ride is a good habit

Checking your tyres only takes a few minutes

Your tyres are the only thing keeping you on the road, and therefore a thorough visual inspection of your tyres before every ride is a good habit. I have often found screws and debris embedded in my tyres during my pre-shift bike inspection, with little or no loss in pressure these could have been undetected for many miles if unchecked. Checking your tyres only takes a few minutes but could save your life. Maintaining accurate tyre pressure is also an important part of bike maintenance, and you should check your pressure at least once a week. Check pressure when cold using manufactures recommended psi bar pressure. A tyre that is very under-inflated generates a lot of heat which can lead to a blow out. Tyres that run too hot also wear out more quickly.


Motorcycle chain maintenance is a crucial part of safe riding. Without proper inspection and maintenance, the chain can fail and damage your motorcycle, or worse, it can become a dangerous projectile. You should inspect your chain every 500-700 miles, or roughly twice a month.

Keeping your chain lubricated will help to prolong its life. Spray liberally on the side of the chain where it comes into contact with the sprockets. Ensure that you spray both left and the right hand side of the chain. Position a piece of newspaper so that you do not get dirt and grease on the rear wheel rim and the tyre as you spray. Wipe all excess oil off of the chain. This is a task that is best done when you return home from your ride while the chain is still warm.


Visually inspect your brake pads and replace where necessary. Motorcycles also usually have two brake fluid reservoirs, one for the front, usually found on the handlebars and one for the back, usually tucked away somewhere under the saddle. Both should be checked regularly.

Topping up should only be done from a new, sealed bottle as brake fluid tends to absorb moisture over time. If your brake pads are thin and due for replacement, do not top up the reservoir - replace the pads first and the level in the reservoir will rise automatically. Beware - brake fluid, if spilt on paintwork eats right through to the bare metal.


Check your lights before every journey you make. Many road accidents involving motorcyclists occur because another road user didn't see them so, it’s vitally important that your lights and indicators are in good working condition. Remember when checking the brake lights, operate both the front and rear brakes consecutively.

Motorcycle Controls

Check the pedals and levers are not broken, bent or cracked, and all their mountings are tight and secure.

Cables – check there are no frayed ends, kinks, sharp bits, and check they don't interfere with the steering head, and that all wire supports are correctly in place.

Hoses – check for leaks, cracks, deterioration, bulging, chaffing and replace if necessary.

Throttle – ensure it moves freely, and snaps back into the closed position.

Check Your Motorcycle Stands

Inspect the centre / side stand – ensure it is in good condition, and is not bent or cracked. Check it holds the motorcycle securely.

Other checks

Inspect the frame for corrosion or damage, check the saddle for rips and tears and make sure it's securely mounted. Check your foot rest rubbers and replace where necessary as these will help to prevent your boots from slipping.

Time for some new kit

Thoroughly inspecting your crash helmet is important, as the chances are, it may have received a few bumps and knocks last season when it slipped off the handlebars outside that seafront cafe, if this is the case you should consider buying a replacement, as more serious damage won't always be visible to the naked eye.

Never buy or wear a second hand helmet, as you may not see if the protective material inside the helmet is damaged.

Wearing the right attire is just as important as servicing your motorcycle.

To protect yourself from injury and stay comfortable, invest in good quality clothing. This should include:

  • Visor with pin lock or anti fog system or alternatively a pair of goggles.
  • The jacket purposely designed for motorcycling with shoulder, elbows and back protection.
  • Trousers purposely designed for motorcycling with knee protection.
  • Motorcycle boots
  • Motorcycle gloves or gauntlets