Safety at road junctions

Advice to drivers and cyclists

The Highway Code highlights the risks and dangers to vulnerable road users at junctions but makes it clear that responsibility for safety is shared between all road users

The Highway Code highlights the risks and dangers to vulnerable road users at junctions but makes it clear that responsibility for safety is shared between all road users

The Highway Code highlights the risks and dangers to vulnerable road users at junctions but makes it clear that responsibility for safety is shared between all road users.

Cyclists are warned of the risks and told they should be aware that drivers may not have seen them, while drivers are told to watch out for traffic coming up on the left and warned that cyclists may be hidden from view.

The illustrations below are from Transport for London’s 2013 Driver and Cyclist safety tips campaign.

Left hand turns

Cyclists

Advice to cyclists (rules 72 and 73)

Watch out for vehicles turning in front of you, out of or into the side road

  • Just before you turn, check for undertaking cyclists or motorcyclists
  • Do not ride on the inside of vehicles signalling or slowing down to turn left
  • Be aware that drivers may not see you.

Pay particular attention to long vehicles which need a lot of room to manoeuvre and may have to move to the right before turning left.

Don’t be tempted to ride in the space between them and the kerb because the rear wheels come very close to the kerb while turning.

Cyclists, stay back

Cyclists, stay back

Drivers

Advice to all vehicles – drivers and riders (rules 182 and 183)

Use your mirrors and give a left-turn signal well before you turn left.

  • Do not overtake just before you turn left
  • Watch out for traffic coming up on your left before you make the turn, especially if driving a large vehicle
  • Cyclists, motorcyclists and other road users in particular may be hidden from your view

When turning

  • Keep as close to the left as is safe and practicable
  • Give way to any vehicles using a bus lane, cycle lane or tramway from either direction
Drivers, look out for cyclists

Drivers, look out for cyclists

Right hand turns

Cyclists

Advice to cyclists (rule 74)

Check the traffic to ensure it is safe, then signal and move to the centre of the road. Wait until there is a safe gap in oncoming traffic and give a final look before completing the turn.

It may be safer to

  • wait on the left until there is a safe gap, or
  • dismount and push your cycle across the road

Drivers

Advice to all vehicles – drivers and riders (rules 179, 180, 181)

Having used your mirrors to make sure you know the position and movement of traffic behind, indicated to show your intention, and then positioned your vehicle just to the left of the middle of the road:

  • Wait until there is a safe gap
  • Watch out for cyclists, motorcyclists, pedestrians and other road users
  • Check your mirrors and blind spot again to make sure you’re not being overtaken
Drivers, look out for cyclists at junctions

Drivers, look out for cyclists at junctions

Traffic Lights

Cyclists

Advice to cyclists (rule 71)

You MUST NOT cross the stop line when the traffic lights are red.

Some junctions have an advanced stop line to enable you to wait and position yourself ahead of other traffic.

Cyclists, always stop at red lights

Cyclists, always stop at red lights

Drivers

Advice to all vehicles – drivers and riders (rules 175 to 178)

You MUST stop behind the white ‘Stop’ line across your side of the road unless the light is green. If the amber light appears you may go on only if you have already crossed the stop line or are so close to it that to stop might cause a collision.

Filter arrows

Do not enter a filter lane unless you want to go in the direction of the arrow. You may proceed in the direction of the green arrow when it, or the full green light shows.

  • Give other traffic, especially cyclists, time and room to move into the correct lane
Motorists, leave room for cyclists at traffic lights

Motorists, leave room for cyclists at traffic lights

Advanced stop lines

Motorists, including motorcyclists, MUST stop at the first white line reached if the lights are amber or red. 

Avoid blocking the way or encroaching on the marked area at other times, e.g. if the junction ahead is blocked.

If your vehicle has proceeded over the first white line at the time that the signal goes red, you MUST stop at the second white line, even if your vehicle is in the marked area.

Allow cyclists time and space to move off when the green signal shows.

(3 December 2013)