Pedestrian Tests

Simulated accidents to assess risk

Most of the pedestrians killed and seriously injured in road accidents in the EU are hit by a car.

Euro NCAP's pedestrian tests assess the most hazardous areas of the bumper, bonnet leading edge and bonnet of each model. This is done by firing dummy body parts at those areas, simulating accidents at 40kph (25mph) with both adults and children.

picture showing car bonnet and pedestrian test impactors

A simulated leg is impacted against the bumper, an upper leg against the front edge of the bonnet, and dummy heads, both child and adult-sized, at points on the bonnet.

Measuring devices inside the dummy parts record the severity of impact, and the results are used to rate each car.

Revised test method

In June 2002 Euro NCAP changed the way pedestrian-impact test sites are selected. The limit values and the way points are awarded also changed. The new methods are more realistic but the change does mean that pedestrian ratings from before June 2002 cannot be compared directly with those after June 2002.