City of reinvention
Newcastle has had its ups and downs but it keeps on bouncing back and reinventing itself. The northeast’s biggest city makes a lively contrast with the medieval castles, ruined abbeys and wide open spaces of the northeast’s hinterland. It gets its name from the New Castle built in 1080 by the eldest son of William the Conqueror, but the city as it stands today is overwhelmingly a creation of the industrial age. The original castle is long gone, and little remains of the second castle, built a century later by Henry II. To its natives, though, it’s just ‘the Toon’.