Small town, big history
The ancient royal burgh of Stirling grew up around a strategic crossing point of the River Forth before it widens and becomes impassable on its journey to the east. At the northern end of the town, the Old Bridge carried the only route north on the east of Scotland, and the city remained the key to the north and Highlands. Stirling is most famous for its castle, set high above the once-marshy plain on a rocky crag, and fought over by the Scots and English. But it has many other fascinating buildings and sites of national importance.
The city was of particular importance in the wars of independence, and fought against England in the 13th and 14th centuries. Notable Scottish victories included the Battle of Stirling Bridge (1297), fought at the Old Bridge just north of the town centre, when William Wallace split the opposing army in two, and the famous Battle of Bannockburn (1314), when Robert the Bruce took charge and defeated the English yet again. Within the town you’ll find information plaques marking notable historic buildings and features – considering this is the smallest city in Scotland, there are a surprising number.