It is an offence if you either fail to stop at the scene of an accident or fail to report an accident in which you are involved
It is an offence if you either fail to stop at the scene of an accident or fail to report an accident in which you are involved.
If a road-traffic accident in which you are involved as a driver results in injury to someone other than yourself, or injury to an animal, or damage to property, there are important things you must do to avoid breaking the law and to help any possible future insurance claim.
If you've been an AA member for more than a year then you can get advice on any personal legal matter, motoring or otherwise by calling the legal assistance helpline, available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
As soon as your car is involved in an accident you need to take the following steps, regardless of who was at fault.
If you are involved in a road-traffic accident as a driver and one or more of the following occurs:
Then you must:
If you don't exchange those details at the scene, you must report the accident at a police station or to a police constable as soon as you can, and in any case within 24 hours.
If another person is injured you must:
Reporting the accident to the police by telephone is not sufficient and you cannot ask someone else to report for you.
You're obliged to do these things not only when you are directly involved in an accident, but also if your vehicle's 'presence' was a factor.
If you don't comply with these obligations you risk committing two offences: failing to stop and failing to report, and you can be guilty of either or both. The penalty for each includes a maximum fine of £5,000 and five to ten penalty points. Courts also have the power to disqualify you from driving for either offence and are likely to do so when both offences are committed on the same occasion. Failing to stop or report an accident can carry a maximum of six months' imprisonment.
Even if there was no personal injury involved, if someone holds you responsible for the accident, they have the right to request your insurance details. This request does not necessarily have to be at the time of the accident and can be made a later date. Failure to provide that information without a reasonable excuse is also an offence.
It will also be a condition of your insurance policy that you report the accident to your insurance company within a reasonable time, even if you do not want to claim yourself. A failure to do so can invalidate your cover.
Note down a detailed description of what happened, collecting as much information - photographs and notes - as you can while at the scene
(24 September 2013)
*an 'animal' is defined as any horse, cattle, ass, mule, sheep, pig, goat or dog